River dredging process system is generally adopts a cutter suction dredger to absorb the muddy water mixture at the bottom of river, and then transport it along the pipeline to a sludge drying treatment field. After machine sorts the garbage mixed in mud, the mud is passed into the concentration tank in the field, and the mud water separation is carried out through the mud treatment system. Finally, water reaches the standard discharge, and the wet sludge is sent to sludge dewatering equipment to dehydrate and becomes solidified mud cake for reusing.
Dredging Slurry Separation Solution mainly used for the separation of sludge from rivers. KOSUN Dredging Slurry Separation Solution is consist of shale shaker, desander, desilter or decanter centrifuge for 3 to 6 stage separation depending on the needs.
KOSUN Dredging Slurry Separation Solution is consisting of 3 parts. The first one is the dredging boat and first stage separation pool for large size of the trash. The dredging boat is always moving on the surface of the lake or river, and the suction unit would go down deep to the bottom of the lake or river and then suck sludge then transfer to the ground by a hose which is always float on the water surface. On the ground, there will be a pool which is divided into several parts by different mesh size of wire screen. The sludge flow coming out from the hose will get into the pool; the large size of the trash in the sludge would be blocked by these several wire screens, while the slurry will flow away for next process.
The second part of the Dredging Slurry Separation Solution is the recycling system which is including several equipment that is used especially for the solids and liquid separation. The slurry will be fed into a scalping shaker, here the solids which is large than 1/8 inch would be separated out, and the slurry would then be pump transferred to the desander for much fine solids removing. After treated by the desander, almost all the solids with size of 50 microns would be removed out.
The third part of the Dredging Slurry Separation Solution is the ultra-fine solids removing equipment. Some contractors like to use the filter press as the final solids removing units, the solids separated are really dry and shaped like cake. While another option is to use the decanter centrifuge that could be used to remove the ultra-fine solids with size down to 2 microns. After treated by the filter press or the centrifuge, the water is already clean that could be flow back to the lake or river.
In the construction of pipe jacking, different geological environment can produce different nature of slurry. At present, there are many kinds of slurry treatment methods. The most efficient way is using Pipe Jacking Slurry Separation Plant and to process the mud from pipe jacking construction specifically.
In China, there are many manufactruers of Pipe Jacking Slurry Separation Plant. KOSUN Solids Control is one of the famous manufacturer. In the field of trenchless and pipe jacking construction, design and manufactrue a complete set of slurry Separation Plant according to the actual situation. KOSUN Pipe Jacking Slurry Separation Plant can save construction costs, reduce mud emissions and reduce environmental pollution. It is an economical, efficient and environment-friendly necessary construction equipment.
Stucture and Function of KOSU Pipe Jacking Slurry Separation Plant:
KOSUN Pipe Jacking Slurry Separation Plant mainly consists of scalping shaker module, desanding module and desilting module. As a pre-screener, the scalping shaker can remove coarse particles from mud. The desanding module is equipped with desander (primary cyclones) and fine-mesh shaker and mainly removes granulated sand. The desilting module is equipped with desilter (secondary cyclones) and can conduct a fine separation selectively according to the field needs of customers. Mud closed-loop circulating purification mode and lower water content in slags help reduce the environmental pollution. Wear parts of the system are of anti-corrosion and wear-resistance, long service life and low failure rate, and the system can be suitable for various severe working conditions.
Sand removal equipment is often eroded, resulting in solid particle deposition and pipe blockage. In order to solve this problem, a solid-phase/liquid-phase swirling desander device has been developed for separating and eliminating solid particles in well fluids. Compared with the traditional filter desander, kexun swirl desander has the characteristics of compact structure and high working efficiency.
Working principle of cyclone desander:
The basic principle of the cyclone desander is to use centrifugal force to introduce the fluid tangential direction into the conical shell of the cyclone desander. The gravity action pushes the solid particles to the surface of the cone and runs down to the outlet of the separator. The secondary liquid swirl generated in the separation shell causes the liquid to migrate upward and discharge from the overflow port through the swirl detector. The smaller the diameter of the desander cyclone is, the greater the separation effect will be.
Features of KOSUN cyclone desander:
Simple structure, easy operation, safe and reliable use, almost no maintenance;
Compared with the expanded pipe, buffer box and other sand removal equipment, it has the advantages of small volume, large processing capacity and saving field space;
Sand can be removed from the water during the continuous water supply;
It avoids the phenomenon of secondary pollution of water quality in other ways of sand removal and has high efficiency of sand removal.
It is recognized at home and abroad that mud solid control equipment is one of the important symbols of scientific drilling. Through the continuous improvement and improvement of drilling fluid solid-phase control equipment in recent 10 years, it has a significant effect on improving drilling technology, reducing the maintenance workload of circulation system, ensuring the performance of drilling fluid, reducing downhole accidents, increasing drilling speed and reducing cost.
Prior to the 1970s, the petroleum drilling industry used extremely crude drilling fluid shale shaker, with a separation size of only 400 microns and solid particles re-entering the mud circulation system.Later, ultra-fine vibrating screen, cyclone desander, mud desander, drilling fluid centrifuge, vacuum degasser, mud mixer, slurry distribution device, mud tank and electrical operation cabinet, with the total weight of more than ton, the total power consumption has been close to 300KW.Solid content can be controlled to a minimum of less than 5%, and the low-density properties of the drilling fluid can be adjusted as needed.
There is no doubt that these advances have brought about profound changes in the oil drilling industry. But at the same time also greatly increased the well team site repair, maintenance, use of the workload and consumption.Therefore, on the basis of constantly reducing the performance of the mud solid control system, it has become a very concerned issue for experts of mud solid control equipment at home and abroad to simplify the equipment, reduce energy consumption and improve reliability.
Operating principle of drilling mud non-landing system:
In the process of oil and gas field drilling, the drilling mud and cuttings are treated continuously while drilling through specific equipment and technology, and the treated mud is recycled repeatedly, and the cuttings and harmful substances are treated, so as to protect the soil at the drilling site from being polluted. The treatment process is divided into: first, solid-liquid separation and waste residue recovery unit; Second, the waste drying unit.
Advantages of drilling mud system:
The use of the non-landing mud system eliminates the direct excavation of the circulation pool, reduces land use, reduces related costs, and reduces the workload of the well team.Once the system is put into use, it can not only realize the continuous treatment of drilling mud and solid waste, but also recycle the two, which is both environmentally friendly and energy-saving.Mud pollution to the environment will be further controlled, drilling operations will be green.At the same time, the mud system can directly obtain good social and economic benefits.
1. The recycling and clean production of solid waste meet the requirements of circular economy and environmental protection, effectively reduce the environmental risk caused by waste drilling fluid, and help to protect the ecological environment;
Ii. The “smaller” mud and sewage pool reduces the occupied area of the land and saves a certain amount of land collection fee for the oil field company;
3. Compared with the curing treatment cost of waste mud mainly used before, the use of the non-landing mud system has the characteristics of low cost and good effect. Cuttings separated by this technology can be discharged to the standard. As paving material, crop cultivation soil, etc. The water can be recycled to achieve the purpose of waste utilization, energy conservation and emission reduction.
The solid-control system, also known as the drilling fluid purification system, is mainly used for solid-phase control and solid-liquid separation in the drilling fluid, so that the drilling fluid can be recycled. The solid control system is composed of 3-7 composite tanks, equipped with 4-stage purification equipment, suitable for oil drilling projects of 2000-7000m.This innovative system USES a composite tank with a tapered base and a mud mixer at the edges to prevent solid deposits in the drilling fluid. In addition, mud tanks and mud boxes can be separated or combined as required by the drilling process. Each tank is connected to each other through a network of pipes, and the suction valve is flexible when open and tight when closed.
As a manufacturer of solid control equipment that has passed the us API and ISO certification, KOSUN’s solid control system has also passed the European Union CE certification, which can meet the requirements of export developed countries. KOSUN’s solid control system has been exported to more than 60 countries and regions, has been unanimously recognized by customers, has accumulated a good reputation in the industry.
The solid control system for oil and gas drilling usually includes the following equipment:
1. The drilling fluid vibrating screen can separate solid particles larger than 100 microns;
2. Drilling fluid desander, capable of separating 40-100 micron solids;
3. Desilter to separate 20-40 micron particles;
4. Drilling fluid centrifuge can separate 2-7 micron fine particles.
Shale shaker in preparation for operation, the technical personnel to carry out a basic inspection, especially the new shaker, but also to carry out a detailed inspection, inspection work completed, all aspects of the operation standard, you can start the shale shaker.
The matters needing attention in the use inspection of vibrating screen are:
Check whether the attached safety splint should be removed before starting;
Check whether the screen surface on the screen is pressed;
Check whether all locking parts are firm;
Check the connection between vibration motor and screen body;
Check the connection between rubber pad, screen body and frame;
Check the vibration motor;
Check the power supply voltage of the vibrating motor;
Check the interlock control device of the vibration motor;
The staff shall remove the end caps at both ends of the vibrating motor used on the shaker, and then check whether the phase Angle corresponding to the fan block is consistent. The staff shall then tighten the fastening screws of the fan block;
The installation angles of the two motors shall be consistent;
Horizontal directional crossing is a horizontal directional crossing construction technology used for trenchless construction in the process of gradually strengthening the awareness of modern civilization and environmental protection. Adopting horizontal directional crossing technology for pipeline crossing construction is the choice of urban municipal construction and electrification pipe network transformation, communication cable laying and crossing large and medium-sized rivers, lakes and non-removable buildings, and the construction method that does not damage the geomorphic state and protect the environment. In recent years, horizontal directional crossing technology in the world and the industry has been widely used, especially in environmental protection and municipal pipeline network reconstruction project and large pipeline crossing river engineering projects show its advantage, mud recovery purification system is combined with horizontal directional crossing the rig construction of form a complete set of matching, to complete the process of the construction of pipeline crossing.
KOSUN’s HDD trenchless mud recovery system is designed and manufactured to meet trenchless technical requirements and is used to purify mud returned from underground during trenchless horizontal directional crossing. HDD trenchless mud recovery system, compact structure, convenient handling, easy to use, widely used in the field of HDD trenchless and coal seam development.
KOSUN KSMR-1000 mud recycling and purification system is mainly used for trenchless horizontal directional crossing or coal-bed methane mining construction projects with treatment capacity below 1000GPM.This type of system is used to handle construction projects with high mud volume.
KOSUN KSMR-500 mud circulation recovery and purification system is mainly used for construction projects with trenchless horizontal directional crossing or coal-bed methane mining with treatment capacity below 500GPM.
The ES translational elliptical shale shaker produced by KOSUN adopts the long tube vibration motor as the power source, which has superior performance, reasonable structure, stable operation, long service life and low maintenance cost. Under the same conditions, compared with other types of shaker, the drilling fluid processing capacity and sand transport and debris removal ability can be greatly improved, and can effectively overcome the phenomenon of “screen blocking” and “screen paste”.
KOSUN’s translational elliptical shale shaker has an obvious advantage in the treatment of highly viscous drilling fluids. Under this condition, the optimized translational elliptical vibration trajectory can effectively remove the viscous solid phase, so that the larger particles in the drilling fluid can be effectively removed. At the same time, relatively moderate vibration intensity can effectively reduce the consumption of vibrating screen.
Features and advantages of KOSUN ES translational elliptical shale shaker:
1. The balanced elliptical trajectory can effectively reduce the phenomenon of screen hole blockage and ensure the screen penetration rate;
2. It is beneficial to improve the conveying speed of cuttings in viscous drilling fluid and prevent paste screening;
3. Can handle large proportion and high viscosity drilling fluid;
4. Drier cuttings;
5. Longer screen service life;
6. Quick tensioning system, easy to replace the screen;
7.-1°~+5° screen Angle adjusting device;
8. There are two types of feeding boxes: weir type and box type;
9. The hook edge screen has a flat screen.
For sludge, engineering technology can be adopted to extract and synthesize the organic matter and heavy metal elements rich in sludge, so as to realize energy recovery. At present, sludge can be treated in an anaerobic environment, so that the microorganisms contained in the sludge can be fully fermented and degraded, and finally produce methane gas. After the methane is collected, it can be used as clean fuel, and the residual solid can be used as organic fertilizer. In the protection of the environment at the same time, the realization of high resource requirements. In addition, there are a series of technologies such as low-temperature sludge oil production technology and sludge fuel utilization technology to realize energy utilization.
Sludge for building materials
Another way to solve the sludge disposal is using sludge production of building materials, asphalt, through engineering technology can achieve the sludge system sludge ceramics grain biochemical fiberboard, sludge, sludge system of ecological cement and other building materials, the sludge of waste disposal requirements, protection of the environment at the same time to achieve the sludge.