How does Decanter Centrifuge Work?

Decanter Centrifuge

Introduction: Decanter centrifuge is a very common equipment that is often found in an oil or gas drilling site. A decanter centrifuge is a very important machine for oil and gas drillers. A decanter centrifuge is basically used to dilute the underground fluids and liquids.

The main job of a decanter centrifuge is to rotate the drilling fluids and in doing so breaking the concentration of those fluids. The whole working functions of any decanter centrifuges is pretty much complex. Here is a discussion given below about how a decanter centrifuge works.

decanter centrifuges
decanter centrifuges

The way a decanter centrifuge works:  As it is mentioned before the process of a decanter centrifuge is a bit complex. Usually,  decanter centrifuges depend on sedimentation, differential speed and G force to perform its job. A decanter centrifuge needs a centrifugal force in order to loosen the fluid.

The sedimentation rate is an important feature for the centrifugal process. If the G force or centrifugal force is very high, the separation process becomes very easy and effective. The size and shape of particles and their level of concentration determine the sedimentation rate of any decanter centrifuge.

The sedimentation rate also depends on the centrifugal force. Another important issue for the functionality of decanter centrifuges is the differential speeds. In a centrifuge two different parts rotate simultaneously. The first part that rotates is the exterior bowl and the second part that rotates is scroll conveyor. Sedimentation is gathered in the centrifugal cylinder as the result of varying speed of the two above mentioned separate parts.

If the differential speed of decanter centrifuges is too high, a little time is required to loosen up the concentration of waste fluids. So, it is very important to keep the differential speed of a decanter centrifuge minimal. Thus, a decanter centrifuge operates its functionalities.

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Decanter Centrifuges – Advantage and Disadvantage

Decanter Centrifuge Manufacutures

Decanter Centrifuges  are   machines that are used in separating various densities in a liquid. The separating process is done very efficiently by a decanter centrifuge. There are many advantages and a few disadvantages as well of this equipment.

decanter centrifuges
decanter centrifuges

Advantages:
•    The appearance of Decanter centrifuges is clean and is almost odourless.
•    The decanter centrifuges device can be installed easily and is start up and    shutting process is very fast.
•    It needs minimum area for its operation.
•    The variety in size of the cylindrical bowl and the cone angle allows choosing various applications.
•    With different design curves the system is pre-programmed that calculates the type of sludge.  Due to its flexibility the machine has different functions like the operating for dewatering and thickening.
•     Compared to other smaller machines, the decanter centrifuge operates on a high throughput capacity that minimizes the requirement of units.
•    Its variety and reliability feedback option makes the decanter centrifuge easy to operate and effective.
•    The cost on labour has reduced as it does not require continuous attention for maintaining and operating.
•    The performance level of decanter centrifuge is much higher if compared to other competitive process.
•     For various industrial functions and processes decanter centrifuges are the perfect solution.

Disadvantages:
•    Biological solids with minute density cannot be separated by the decanter centrifuge. This is best done by the tubular bowl centrifuge.
•    At times the decanter centrifuge can be very noisy and also causes vibration.
•    Due to the high G-forces it consumes a large amount of energy.
•    The narrow range with changeable conditions limits the performance of the device.
•    Right type of sealing material should be selected that are both chemical and thermal resistant.
•    Compared to other varieties of centrifuges, the decanter centrifuge is cheaper.

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Decanter Centrifuge – Operation and Maintenance| Kosun Solid Control

Decanter Centrifuge

Decanter centrifuge is one of solid control equipment that  uses centrifugal force to aid to the separation of waste matter.

Drilling operations refers to the very process of extracting oil and gas from the earth for various commercial and industrial purposes. The industry is worth trillions of dollars today and is thus a very important part of any country’s development. In the past few decades, the demand for the products like gas and oil went up significantly. This led to a corresponding increase in the drilling activities all across the globe.

Like any other industrial activity, drilling too is bound to have some sort of waste produced as byproduct. This is termed as drilling waste and the term gained much popularity with the rising issues it caused to the environment. This in turn led to another class of waste management being introduced, known as drilling waste management. It involves several processes from maintenance, management and containment to subsequent handling and disposal of drilling waste promising better sustainability and conservation of environment.

decanter centrifuge
decanter centrifuge

In the various processes involves with drilling waste management , one important step is called waste maintenance. This was earlier done with conventional processes like settling and involves separation of the unwanted matter from the desired part and further storage and transportation. However, with advancements in technology and machinery, today the whole process id mechanized. The most popular equipment dedicated for the process is named decanter centrifuge .

As the name suggests, the machine uses centrifugal force to aid to the separation of waste matter. The machinery has a complicated design but with a very basic and simple concept. The mixed substance obtained directly from extraction is allowed to flow to a disc shaped structure. The disc is then rotated. This rotation calls the centrifugal and gravitational forces into action which facilitates the separation of drilling waste from the fuel. The fuel passes through the hole at the centre of the disk and the waste remaining in the structure is passed on for containment.

The equipment consists of moving parts and hence should be cleaned and kept smooth as possible to avoid reduction in efficiency. Also make sure to cut off the power to the machinery if it is to be dismantled for some purposes.

Decanter Centrifuge Design Definition Meaning

Decanter Centrifuge Design

Decanter centrifuge design is  very popular by customer at home and abroad.

A machine which operates on the basis of centrifugal force to separate out different components is called a centrifuge. Centrifugal force is the force experienced by a body when it is rotated at high speed. They are normally used to separate out components of different densities such as water and solids. A decanter centrifuge is a special type of centrifuge that separates out solid components from liquids such as drilling waste.

Decanter centrifuge plays an important part in the process of wastewater treatment, chemical industries and food processors. The performance of a decanter centrifuge depends on several different factors.

decanter centrifuge
decanter centrifuge

Most of the drilling and treatment plants deal with a mixture of components. It is imperative to have them separated out for further treatment. Mainly three types of decanter centrifuges are employed in the industries: horizontal, vertical and conveyor. A decanter centrifuge is essentially a bowl that is rotated at high speeds to separate out solids from liquid base. In case of drilling industry the input is drilling waste.

Centrifuges are quite easy to install and require less maintenance. Even though skilled operators are required to operate them, decanter centrifuges helps in saving a lot of money and increases the overall efficiency of an industry. Centrifuges offer more flexibility and better feedback mechanism. This allows the operators to allow the machine to work at different settings to separate out different components. The space required for setting up the machine is very small and easy to start up or shut down, allowing more than one unit to work at a time.

Decanter centrifuges are also not without its limitations. The machines cause a lot of noise and vibration. It cannot separate biological components and has high energy consumption. The initial cost for setting up the machine is quite high. The rotating parts are also liable to wear and tear over time.

Operation and Maintenance of Decanter Centrifuges

Decanter Centrifuge

Introduction: A decanter centrifuge is very important machine for any oil or gas drillers. It enables them to perform drilling activities in a certain site. So, the operation and maintenance of a decanter centrifuge is a major issue for any drilling companies. In order to get the most of the benefit from a decanter centrifuge,   it should be maintained and operated well. Here is a brief discussion about how decanter centrifuges should be operated and maintained.

decanter centrifuge
decanter centrifuge

The operating and maintaining process of a decanter centrifuge: The first thing that should be done to maintain a decanter centrifuge is to replace any hydraulic suction filter and replace hydraulic returns filter. It is a very important step for the oil and gas drillers. As when the oil or gas drilling goes on both the hydraulic suction filter and the hydraulic returns filter undergo an extensive pressure.  So, there is a huge possibility of both of them to be worn out. So in that sense, both of the filters must be checked regularly and be replaced when it is necessary. Another important thing that is required to do in order to maintain a decanter centrifuge is greasing the machine.

It is very important. As decanter centrifuge is basically used in a heavy working areas, the machine can easily be stuck or jammed off. In order to avoid that, greasing is very important. Oil lubricated gear box greasing and recirculating oil greasing are two very effective methods for greasing. A very significant task for managing decanter centrifuges are adjusting speed sensor to it. It is very important just because adjusting a speed sensor enables drillers to control the differential speed. Beside these above mentioned activities replacing hydraulic motor sensor, bowl belt replacement, scroll belt replacement and regulating the weir plate are some of the steps that should be taken to maintain a decanter centrifuge.